Gratuitous space filler:
The great baroque composer Johann Sebastian Bach died.
The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which established the citizenship of African Americans and guaranteed due process of law, was ratified.
Nine Pennsylvania coal miners were rescued after 77 hours of being trapped in a mine shaft.
Read more: This Day in History: July 28 — Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/dayinhistory#ixzz1TOcX748V