Not to be confused with Yu Darvish Day!
The convention was convened on March 1 with Richard Ellis as president. The delegates selected a committee of five to draft a declaration of independence; the committee was led by George Childress and also included Edward Conrad, James Gaines, Bailey Hardeman, and Collin McKinney. The committee submitted its draft within a mere 24 hours, leading historians to speculate that Childress had written much of it before his arrival at the Convention.
The declaration was approved on March 2 with no debate. Based primarily on the writings of John Locke and Thomas Jefferson, the declaration proclaimed that the Mexican government "ceased to protect the lives, liberty, and property of the people, from whom its legitimate powers are derived" and complained about "arbitrary acts of oppression and tyranny". The declaration officially established the Republic of Texas.
|1807||Congress outlawed the importation of slaves to the United States, effective the following year.|
|1836||Texas declared its independence from Mexico.|
|1917||Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship.|
|1939||Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected pope and took the name Pius XII.|
|1959||Jazz trumpeter Miles Davis held the first of two recording sessions that yielded the album "Kind of Blue."|
|1962||Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia Warriors scored 100 points in a game against the New York Knicks, an NBA record that still stands.|
|1965||The movie version of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "The Sound of Music" had its world premiere in New York.|
|1985||The federal government approved a screening test for AIDS that detected antibodies to the virus, allowing possibly contaminated blood to be excluded from the blood supply.|
|2004||A series of coordinated blasts in Iraq killed 181 people at shrines in Karbala and Baghdad as thousands of Shiite Muslim pilgrims gathered for a religious festival.|
|2008||Dmitry Medvedev, Vladimir Putin's hand-picked successor, scored a crushing victory in Russia's presidential election.|
|2011||The Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that members of the fundamentalist Westboro Baptist Church had a First Amendment right to picket the funeral of a Marine.|