Positional asphyxia, also known as postural asphyxia, is a form of asphyxia which occurs when someone's position prevents them from breathing adequately. A small but significant number of people die suddenly and without apparent reason during restraint by police, prison (corrections) officers and health care staff. Positional asphyxia may be a factor in some of these deaths.
- Positional asphyxia is a potential danger of some physical restraint techniques,
- People may die from positional asphyxia by simply getting themselves into a breathing-restricted position they cannot get out of, either through carelessness or as a consequence of another accident.
|1607||An expedition of English colonists went ashore at Cape Henry, Va., to establish the first permanent English settlement in the Western Hemisphere. (They later settled at Jamestown.)|
|1785||Naturalist and artist John James Audubon was born in Haiti.|
|1865||John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Abraham Lincoln, was surrounded and killed by federal troops near Bowling Green, Va.|
|1937||Planes from Nazi Germany raided the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.|
|1945||Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, the head of France's Vichy government during World War II, was arrested.|
|1964||The African nations of Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form Tanzania.|
|1989||Actress-comedian Lucille Ball died at age 77.|
|1998||Auxiliary Bishop Juan Gerardi Conedera, a leading Guatemalan human rights activist, was bludgeoned to death two days after a report he'd compiled on atrocities during Guatemala's 36-year civil war was made public.|
|2000||Vermont Gov. Howard Dean signed the nation's first bill allowing same-sex couples to form civil unions.|
|2005||Syria's 29-year military presence in Lebanon ended as Syrian soldiers completed a withdrawal brought about by international pressure and Lebanese street protests.|
|2008||Police in Austria arrested a man accused of holding his daughter captive in a windowless cellar for 24 years, fathering her seven children and killing one of them. (Josef Fritzl is serving life in a psychiatric ward.)|