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Off Topics #2

While the bell pepper is a member of the Capsicum genus, it is the only Capsicum apart from Capsicum rhomboideum that does not produce capsaicin,[1] a lipophilic chemical that can cause a strong burning sensation when it comes in contact with mucous membranes. The lack of capsaicin in bell peppers is due to a recessive form of a gene that eliminates capsaicin and, consequently, the "hot" taste usually associated with the rest of the Capsicum genus.[2]

The terms "bell pepper", "pepper" or in Australia and New Zealand "capsicum", are often used for any of the large bell shaped fruits, regardless of their color. In British English, the fruit is simply referred to as a "pepper", or additionally by color (as in the term "green pepper", for example), whereas in many Commonwealth of Nations countries, such as India, Canada, and Malaysia, they are called "bell peppers". Across Europe, the term "paprika", which has its roots in the word for pepper, is used—sometimes referred to by their color (e.g., "groene paprika", "gele paprika", in Dutch, which are green and yellow, respectively). Paprika also refers to the powdered spice made from the fruits in the Capsicum genus.[3] In Switzerland it is mostly called "peperoni", which is the italian name of the fruit. In France, it is called "poivron", with the same root as "poivre" (meaning "pepper"), or "piment". In Japan it's called Piman, derived from the French poivron and pimento. In Korea, the word 피망 ("pimang" from the Japanese "Piman") refers to green bell peppers, whereas 파프리카 ("papurika" from paprika) refers to bell peppers of other colors.

In the Midwestern United States, particularly Ohio, bell peppers are frequently called "mangoes", particularly when referring to stuffed peppers (of which bell peppers are a principal ingredient.)[4]


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