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Grumman F-14 Tomcat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "F-14" redirects here. For other uses, see F14 (disambiguation).
|A U.S. Navy F-14D conducts a mission over thePersian Gulf-region in 2005.|
|Role||Interceptor, air superiority andmultirole combat aircraft|
|National origin||United States of America|
|Manufacturer||Grumman Aerospace Corporation|
|First flight||21 December 1970|
|Introduction||22 September 1974|
|Retired||22 September 2006 (United States Navy)|
|Status||In service with the Iranian Air Force|
United States Navy (historical)
Imperial Iranian Air Force
Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
US$38 million (1998)
The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is a supersonic, twinjet, two-seat, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft. The Tomcat was developed for the United States Navy's Naval Fighter Experimental (VFX) program following the collapse of the F-111B project. The F-14 was the first of the American teen-series fighters which were designed incorporating the experience of air combatagainst MiG fighters during the Vietnam War.
The F-14 first flew in December 1970 and made its first deployment in 1974 with the U.S. Navy aboard USS Enterprise (CVN-65), replacing the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II. The F-14 served as the U.S. Navy's primary maritime air superiority fighter, fleet defense interceptor and tactical reconnaissance platform. In the 1990s, it added the Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night (LANTIRN) pod system and began performing precision ground-attack missions.
The Tomcat was retired from the U.S. Navy's active fleet on 22 September 2006, having been supplanted by the Boeing F/A-18E and F Super Hornets. As of 2014, the F-14 was only in service with the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force, having beenexported to Iran in 1976, when the U.S. had amicable diplomatic relations with Iran.