Bosnia and Herzegovina (i/ˈbɒzniə ænd hɛrtsəɡɵˈviːnə/;Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian Bosna i Hercegovina, Cyrillic script:Босна и Херцеговина), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH, and in short often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for 20 kilometres (12 miles) of coastline on the Adriatic Seasurrounding the city of Neum. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderatecontinental climate, bookended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has aMediterranean climate and plain topography.